We found some initials and a date on the carriage of the original part of the lathe. It is stamped N M 1833. I emailed the curator of the museum in Watertown to see if the initials mean anything to her. There is also evidence that the lathe had an outer shear and that the carriage could have been moved out 3 3/4" to the outside way for turning larger work. Also note that the shears were chipped and filed to shape as there were no planers yet.
The lathe along with a drill press and a steam engine were saved by an employee of Bagley & Sewell Co., successors to G. Goulding, in order to preserve the history of the company and it is very likely that our lathe was part of the collection and was made by Goulding as well.
That is interesting. Did you notice the piece above it where George Goulding was dissolving a partnership that made 'cabinetmaking and plane making'? He seems to have had his hand in several different endeavors.
He seems to have had his hand in several different endeavors.
Here is George Goulding's Golden Wedding Anniversary in a newspaper article in 1874.
Quite long, second column over.
Watertown re-union. (Watertown, N.Y.) 1866-1918, February 12, 1874, Page 4, Image 4 - NYS Historic Newspapers
This would be Clarence Kinne, who became president, in 1938, of Bagley & Sewall, formerly Goulding, Bagley & Sewall, formerly G. Goulding.
Here is a 1919 article when Clarence found the planer that is in the museum that Bill posted.
Paper. Devoted to the manufacture, sale and use ... v.23 1918-1919. - Full View | HathiTrust Digital Library | HathiTrust Digital Library